July 15, 2010 Leave a comment
Going through historic newspapers, I found this in the Grand Forks Daily Herald (Grand Forks, ND), 08 September 1901, p. 3. It lists five of what it considered the greatest strikes in America. These are:
- “Irons against Gould In a Famous Struggle” (1886)
- “Homestead Bloodshed in Campaign of 1892″
- “Railway Strike of 1894 Against Pullman Works”
- “Coal Miners’ Strike Ending with Lattimer” (1897)
- “Men Won 1900 Strike in Anthracite Mines”
Here’s the section about Lattimer (#4):
“Coal miners in eleven states struck on July 4, 1897, on order of President Ratchford of the United Mine Workers. Nearly all the bituminous miners went out and a large portion of the men in the anthracite region. At high tide in the strike 110,000 men were idle.
This strike was successful. The men went back to work in September at an increase in wages and with an agreement with their employers to arbitrate. They gained in wages, it was figured by teh World at the time, over $13,000,000.
In September there was a small correlative strike at a colliery at Lattimer, near Hazleton, Pa., in the anthracite district. This strike held on for several days and gained recruits from other colleries [sic] in the neighborhood.
Following their custom the strikers marched from mine to mine to urge other miners to join them. On the road near Lattimer, on Friday, Sept. 10, Sheriff Martin of Luzerne county, with 102 deputies specially sworn in, met a body of these miners.
There was a trifling clash and the deputies fired on the marchers, who had no firearms. Twenty-one miners were killed and forty wounded. Several others fled. The marchers were all foreigners.
Troops were called out at once and there was no further trouble.”